The Middle East Crises: Genesis and Dimensions

Introduction

Originally coined by the British Foreign Office in the 19 century, the term the Middle East refers to the region between Western Asia in the east and Egypt in the west. The British divided the region into three sub-regions-Near East, the area closest to the United Kingdom and most of North Africa; the Far East, which was east of British India; and the Middle East, which was between British India and the Near East. Except for Turkey and Iran, the region is predominantly Arab and predominantly Muslim. Modelled on European nation-states…