Modern Nation-state System: Challenges & Prospects

  1. Territorial integrity: Territorial integrity conceptualized the nation-state as a geographical entity whereby the protection of the people living within its boundaries became its chief responsibility.
  2. Sovereignty: At the same time, sovereignty, internal and external, came to be regarded as the hallmark of the nation-state. Internally, the state had the right to order the behaviour of all its citizens, and externally, sovereignty implied the right of the state to choose any element to protect its national interest.
  3. Nationalism: Thirdly, the rise of the nation-state was accompanied by the rise of nationalism which advocates the identification of the individual with the state in return for obedience to its laws.
  4. Equality: Finally, international law recognized all states as equal sovereign entities with equal legal status and rights.
  1. International Relations: Definition, History,& Scope



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Shahid Hussain Raja

Shahid Hussain Raja

Retired Federal Secretary, Government of Pakistan/Author/Independent Consultant- Public Policy & Governance Reforms