Climate Change: Causes, Challenges, and Response

  1. Setting goals to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. implement policies that advance the goals of the Paris Agreement — at least a 26–28% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions below 2005 levels by 2025
  2. Legislation to ramp up renewable energy. Clean energy is essential to reducing pollution and creating jobs; increase the amount of electricity it gets from renewable sources to 50% by 2030.
  3. Push for better energy efficiency. Homes and commercial buildings account for 40% of total energy use which makes energy efficiency a crucial part of any plan to mitigate climate change, Established standards that will improve the energy performance of large commercial buildings.
  4. Policies for Zero-Emission Vehicles. Lead the nation in reducing passenger vehicle emissions, the largest source of emissions in the transportation sector. Require auto manufacturers to make electric vehicles, and provide rebates to people who install a new electric vehicle charging system, or upgrade existing systems.
  5. Regulations to cut harmful air pollutants. Although pollution from carbon dioxide receives the most attention, short-lived climate pollutants, such as black carbon, methane, and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), also pose key challenges to climate and health. Limit methane leaks from natural gas infrastructure and landfills, prohibit the use of harmful HFCs
  6. Create financing opportunities for clean energy and resilient communities. Make investments for safeguarding residents, municipalities, and businesses from the impacts of climate change, as well as protecting environmental resources and improving recreational opportunities.
  7. Develop special tools and resources to help the state address climate change. To track their progress on climate action — and assess the risks from impacts — states need special tools and resources. Develop a Greenhouse Gas Inventory, which tracks and projects future emissions. Create websites to help coastal communities manage challenges from climate impacts, such as rising sea levels.
  1. Attracting customers toward the use of renewable resources through marketing strategies
  2. improving energy efficiency and opting for renewable energy over fossil fuels.
  3. Promoting ecological industry, agriculture, fishing, and livestock farming, food sustainability, responsible consumption,
  4. Adopting the 3Rs rule (reduce, reuse, recycle).
  5. Erecting buildings and infrastructure that are safer and more sustainable.
  1. Organizing awareness campaigns regarding the threat of global warming to pressurize your governments to take action
  2. Take practical measures at the community level for climate change such as promoting public transport and sustainable mobility by increasing the number of journeys in towns by bicycle, reducing the number of flights, and taking more trips by train or in shared cars.
  3. The reduction in livestock farming will have a positive effect on reforestation, freeing up more land for the cultivation of food for human consumption.
  4. We will live in houses fed by renewable energy and scarcely any concrete buildings will be built. There will be fewer parking zones in our streets and more urban allotments, parks, and gardens. houses fed by renewable energy and scarcely any concrete buildings will be built. Commitment:
  1. Take action at personal and family level-energy saving, recycling, re-using,
  2. sharing more goods and services, purchasing less and reusing more, and recycling almost everything. No Single-use plastics and packaging should be easier to sort and recycle.
  3. eat fruit and vegetables, while meat, dairy, and fish should no longer be staples in our diet.
  4. choose to walk, travel by bike or use public transport to save time and improve our quality of life through a reduction in noise and traffic jams.



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Shahid Hussain Raja

Shahid Hussain Raja

Retired Federal Secretary, Government of Pakistan/Author/Independent Consultant- Public Policy & Governance Reforms